The links between the US and Canadian energy sectors are widely and often underestimated. In addition to providing traditional fossil fuel to the US, Canada is increasingly becoming a source of clean electricity for the US. In the Northeastern US, where power prices are comparatively high, transmission grid congestion pervasive and occasional blackouts high-profile, the prospect for increased hydroelectric power flows from Canada is a tempting solution.

Canada is also a source of interest for clean energy advocates in the US, as Ontario and other provinces move faster on reducing coal consumption and pushing for alternative sources of fuel, including biomass.

But fossil fuel continues to dominate Canadian energy development, and even efforts to shift the focus to hydroelectric power have run into significant permitting problems.

The attached document comes from the Energy Information Administration, which publishes a host of informative and data-rich country studies alongside its traditional statistical mission.